European policies are facing a challenge from the far right unprecedented in the post-WW2 era.

The rise of the far right poses a major challenge for democratic and progressive forces. How do we analyse the causes of far right radicalisation? What steps can we take to address this ‘politics of fear’? And what alternatives are needed? And how can civil society and progressive parties respond? Campaigners, journalists, academics and politicians from across Europe in a reflective dialogue on these questions.


Ruth Wodak is Emeritus Distinguished Professor at Lancaster University and the University of Vienna, and author of The Politics of Fear (Sage, 2015).

Zoe Williams is a journalist at the Guardian (UK), the co-host of the Another Europe podcast, and a leading figure in the anti-Brexit movement.

Luke Cooper is a Europe’s Futures Visiting Fellow at the IWM, a senior lecturer in International Politics at Anglia Ruskin (UK) and co-host of the Another Europe podcast.

Rafał Pankowski is an associate professor at Collegium Civitas in Warsaw, deputy editor of Nigdy Wiecej (Never Again) magazine and author of The Populist Radical Right in Poland (Routledge, 2010).

Originally published on 8 February 2019 at as part of the In historical thunder and lightning series which examined the Impact of Brexit.